MANUAL OF HANDLING FOR THE INSECTARY OF THE CENTER OF INTERPRETATION OF THE FUNDO SAN JOSÉ ECO LODGE

Insects are an important part of biological diversity, participate in a large number of ecological processes and have a great impact on the economy and health of the human being (Wilson, 1992). Since man has been able to document its existence, it has also manifested his interest in insects, and until these last days it persists, as they continue to be studied, however; knowledge about this group is still considered reduced. It was with the aim of educating about the importance of these invertebrates and the need to conserve them, that in the mid-twentieth century, some zoos in Europe and the United States, took on the task of reproduce and show insects and other arthropods to those who visited those institutions. The first wave of establishments of this type was dedicated to showing hexapods from tropical regions. In this way, they stimulated the creation of the first insectaries, especially of butterflies. Its growing popularity later impacted in several Latin American countries where they began to establish insectaries of various arthropods. A fundamental aspect in the study of insects is to be able to observe them in detail, since most of them are small and their distinctive characteristics are not appreciated properly. the help of a stereoscope. Sometimes (in the case of the construction of insectaries) it is necessary to sacrifice some organisms for their study, but it is questioned to what extent the collection of organisms must be carried out, that is, without altering the diversity of the area, but contributing to enhance the entomofaunística wealth of the same. Another important aspect is the treatment given to the collected insects. For this it must be taken into account that some organisms have been sacrificed and that it is pertinent to give them the best possible treatment or preservation, and thus achieve the objective that led to their collection: their study or research.